Who We Are

Richard Epstein


Richard A. Epstein is the Director of the Classical Liberal Institute and the inaugural Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law at NYU School of Law. Prior to his joining the faculty, he was a visiting law professor at NYU from 2007 through 2009. He has served as the Peter and Kirstin Bedford Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution since 2000. Epstein is also the James Parker Hall Distinguished Service Professor of Law Emeritus and a senior lecturer at the University of Chicago. His initial law school appointment was at the University of Southern California from 1968 to 1972. Epstein received an LL.D., h.c. from the University of Ghent, 2003. He has been a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1985 and has been a Senior Fellow of the Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago Division of Biological Sciences, also since 1983. He served as editor of the Journal of Legal Studies from 1981 to 1991, and of the Journal of Law and Economics from 1991-2001. From 2001 to 2010 he was a director of the John M. Olin Program in Law and Economics at the University of Chicago.

His newest book is The Dubious Morality of Modern Administrative Law (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers 2020). His previous books include The Classical Liberal Constitution: The Uncertain Quest for Limited Government (Harvard 2014); Design for Liberty: Private Property, Public Administration and the Rule of Law (Harvard 2011); The Case Against the Employee Free Choice Act (Hoover 2009); Supreme Neglect: How to Revive the Constitutional Protection of Property Rights (Oxford 2008); Antitrust Decrees in Theory and Practice: Why Less is More (AEI 2007); Overdose: How Excessive Government Regulation Stifles Pharmaceutical Innovation (Yale University Press. 2006); How Progressives Rewrote the Constitution (Cato 2006); Cases and Materials on Torts (Aspen Law & Business; 8th ed. 2004); Skepticism and Freedom: A Modern Case for Classical Liberalism (University of Chicago, 2003); Torts (Aspen Law & Business 1999); Principles for a Free Society: Reconciling Individual Liberty with the Common Good (Perseus Books, 1998):Mortal Peril: Our Inalienable Rights to Health Care (Addison-Wesley, 1997); Simple Rules for a Complex World(Harvard, 1995); Bargaining With the State (Princeton, 1993); Forbidden Grounds: The Case Against Employment Discrimination Laws (Harvard , 1992); Takings: Private Property and the Power of Eminent Domain (Harvard, 1985); and Modern Products Liability Law (Greenwood Press, 1980). He has also edited (with Catherine M. Sharkey) Cases and Materials on the Law of Torts (10th edition 2012).

Epstein has written numerous articles on a wide range of legal and interdisciplinary subjects. He has taught courses in administrative law, antitrust law, civil procedure, communications, constitutional law, contracts, corporations, criminal law, criminal procedure, employment discrimination law, environmental law, food and drug law health law and policy, legal history, labor law, property, real estate development and finance, jurisprudence, labor law; land use planning, patents, individual, estate, partnership and corporate taxation, Roman Law; torts, water law and workers' compensation.

Epstein also writes a weekly legal column, the Libertarian, is a regular contributor to Ricochet, and writes occasionally for other web sites including Just Security, the ScotusBlog and PointofLaw at the Manhattan Institute.

Mario Rizzo


Mario Rizzo is the Co-Director of the Classical Liberal Institute and a Professor of Economics at NYU. He is also the Director of the Program on the Foundations of the Market Economy in the Department of Economics and the chairman of the Colloquium on Market Institutions and Economic Processes. He has been a law and economics fellow at Yale Law School and the University of Chicago Law School. He teaches a yearly seminar at NYU School of Law called “Classical Liberalism.” He is the author of many articles in economics and in law journals. His most recent books are Escaping Paternalism: Rationality, Behavioral Economics, and Public Policy (co-authored with Glen Whitman, Cambridge University Press 2020) and Austrian Economics Re-Examined: The Economics of Time and Ignorance (co-authored with Gerald P. O’Driscoll, Jr., Routledge 2014).

Professor Rizzo’s current research is focused on new or soft paternalism, behavioral economics, and the economic theory of rationality. He is completing a book on the subject.

His research is grounded on four fundamental premises: (1) the decentralization of knowledge in a complex society, such as ours, is important in the explanation of both economic and social phenomena; (2) human action should be understood in a contextual way -- both the individual and social context is needed to make sense of what people do and how they relate to one another; (3) these phenomena are, wherever possible, best viewed as processes in time; and (4) economic and social policies usually have important unintended consequences.

Adam Mossoff

Co-Chair, Technology, Innovation, and Intellectual Property Program

Adam Mossoff is Co-Chair of the Technology, Innovation, and Intellectual Property program at the Classical Liberal Institute. He is an expert on intellectual property law, and he has published extensively on intellectual property law and innovation policy. His scholarship has been relied on by the U.S. Supreme Court and by federal agencies, and he has been invited five times to testify before the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives on intellectual property legislation. He has been invited to speak at the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office, the U.S. Department of Justice, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Academy of Sciences, among other public and private institutions. He frequently files amicus briefs in intellectual property cases; he has filed more than 25 briefs since in the past several years. In addition to his academic articles and legal briefs, his writings on intellectual property policy have appeared in the Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Forbes, Washington Times, Newsweek, and in other media outlets. A selection of his academic and legal scholarship can be downloaded here.

Professor Mossoff teaches at the Antonin Scalia Law School at George Mason University. In addition to his positions at Scalia Law and at the Classical Liberal Institute, he is also Chair of the Intellectual Property Working Group of the Regulatory Transparency Project at the Federalist Society.  He is a Senior Fellow and Chair of the Forum for Intellectual Property at the Hudson Institute, a Visiting Intellectual Property Fellow at the Heritage Foundation, and a member of the Board of Directors of the Center for Intellectual Property Understanding. He is also a member of the Intellectual Property Rights Advisory Committee of ANSI and he has served as Chair and Vice-Chair of the Intellectual Property Committee of the IEEE-USA.

Professor Mossoff began his academic career as a John M. Olin Fellow in Law at Northwestern University School of Law, and he has taught at Michigan State University College of Law, University of San Diego School of Law, and Washington & Lee University School of Law. He graduated with Honors from the University of Chicago Law School, where he was a research assistant to Professor Richard Epstein and was awarded a Bradley Governance Fellowship. He also holds an MA in Philosophy from Columbia University, and a BA with High Distinction and High Honors in Philosophy from the University of Michigan.

Bowman J. Heiden

Co-Chair, Technology, Innovation, and Intellectual Property Program

Co-Director, CIP – Center for Intellectual Property
UGOT | Chalmers | NTNU
Visiting Professor, School of Engineering

Dr. Heiden is currently the Co-Director of the Center for Intellectual Property (CIP), which is a joint center for knowledge-based business development between University of Gothenburg, Chalmers University of Technology, and the Norwegian University for Science and Technology. He is also a Visiting Professor at UC-Berkeley and a member of the European Commission High-Level Expert Group on Standard Essential Patents.
Previously he was Innovation Director for the Qatar Science & Technology Park, where he was responsible for driving innovation strategy and intellectual property policy. Over the past ten years, Dr. Heiden has managed over 100 innovation projects with industry, university research institutes, healthcare providers, and start-up ventures.
As Co-Director of CIP, Dr. Heiden currently manages the internationalization of the CIP platform and strategic collaborations with industry and university partners. In this role, Dr. Heiden has co-founded and developed the Intellectual Capital Management (ICM) and Business Creation and Entrepreneurship in Biomedicine (BCEB) master’s level programs, CIP FORUM, the Business of Intellectual Property executive program, and the CIP Internship Program.
Dr. Heiden holds degrees in engineering, technology management, and economics, and his research is at the interdisciplinary interface of economics, law, and innovation, in particular, intellectual property and open innovation in knowledge-intensive sectors. Before turning his focus to the field of knowledge-based business, Dr. Heiden played professional basketball in a number of European countries.

Robert Miller

Fellow, Co-Director, The Program on Organizations, Business, and Markets

Professor Miller joined the Classical Liberal Institute at the New York University School of Law in July of 2014 and is currently a Senior Fellow. He is also a Professor of Law and the F. Arnold Daum Fellow in Corporate Law at the University of Iowa College of Law.

Before joining the faculty at the University of Iowa, Professor Miller was a Professor of Law at the Villanova University School of Law and the Associate Director of the Matthew J. Ryan Center for the Study of Free Institutions and the Public Good at Villanova University. He has been a Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School, a Visiting Assistant Professor of Law at the Cardozo Law School, and an Olin Fellow in Law and Economics at the Columbia Law School. Before entering academia, Professor Miller was an associate at Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz in New York. His scholarship concerns corporate and securities law, the economic analysis of law, and the philosophy of law, and he has taught courses in Business Associations, Mergers and Acquisitions, Law and Economics, Corporate Finance, Antitrust, and Contracts.

Professor Miller earned his J.D. from the Yale Law School where he was a Senior Editor of the Yale Law Journal and an Olin Fellow in Law, Economics and Public Policy. He earned his M.A. and M.Phil. degrees in philosophy from Columbia University, where he held a Mellon Fellowship in the Humanities from the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation and a Western Civilization Fellowship from the Intercollegiate Studies Institute. He earned his B.A. in philosophy and mathematics from Columbia College.  His published works and working papers are available on his SSRN page.

Luise Papcke


Luise Papcke is a postdoctoral fellow at the Classical Liberal Institute at NYU School of Law. She did her doctoral work at Columbia University focusing on the concept of individuality in early modern liberal thought with a dissertation on Individuality and Social Cohesion. Humboldt and Schleiermacher at the Origin of Modern Liberalism. In her current research she examines the relevance of the ideal of liberal individuality also for analyzing the challenges Big Data powered surveillance poses to privacy and individual autonomy. Prior to coming to the U.S., Luise earned a Franco-German dual M.A. in History and Political Theory from Sciences Po Paris and Freie Universität Berlin, and a B.A. in Political Science from Freie Universität Berlin. Her work on discrimination in the sphere of voluntary associations has been published in Polity.

Charles Delmotte



Dr. Charles Delmotte has master’s degrees in philosophy and Law. Charles earned his PhD from Ghent University and was a visiting researcher at the Center for the Philosophy of Freedom (Arizona), King’s College Department of Political Economy (London) and Max Planck Institute for Tax Law (Munich). Charles employs political philosophy as well as economics to scrutinize tax law. His articles have been published, amongst others, in The Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence and the Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. He contributed for OUP’s anthology on Philosophical Foundations of Tax Law. Charles was trained as a practicing lawyer at an international law firm.

Otto Lehto


Otto Lehto is a Finnish philosopher and political economist whose current work focuses on complexity theory, evolutionary political economy, transhumanism, human enhancement, basic income, social epistemology, and naturalism. He is currently a postdoctoral research fellow at New York University's School of Law (2022-2023) and an affiliated Junior Researcher at Freiburg University’s FRIBIS Institute. He has also been a visiting scholar at University of Arizona’s philosophy department (2020). He recently finished his PhD at King’s College London’s Department of Political Economy (2021) on the topic of Evolutionary Political Economy, Permissionless Innovation, and Welfare State Governance. He earned his BA in English (2009) and MA in Social and Moral Philosophy (2015) from the University of Helsinki. He is the recipient of the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) LAHP studentship (2017-2019), Adam Smith Fellowhip at George Mason University (2019-2020), and a Templeton Foundation Grant at King’s College London (2020).

Tunku Varadarajan


Tunku Varadarajan has been a practicing journalist since 1992, and has held a variety of positions in his career, including:

Editor, Newsweek International;

Op-ed Editor, The Wall Street Journal;

Executive Editor (Opinions), Forbes;

and New York Bureau Chief, The Times of London.

Mr. Varadarajan is currently contracted to the Wall Street Journal’s editorial page as a contributing writer. He is also an adjunct professor at New York University’s Department of Journalism and a visiting scholar at the Center on Capitalism and Society at Columbia University.

Before starting his career in journalism in 1992, he was a Lecturer in Law at Trinity College, Oxford University. Mr. Varadarajan has a Law degree from Oxford University, and is also fluent in Spanish and Hindi.

Contact information: tv14@nyu.edu


Seth Oranburg

Fellow, Co-Director, The Program on Organizations, Business, and Markets

Professor Seth C. Oranburg studies the effect of law on innovation and the economy. His research includes Internet shareholder activism, crowdfunding, venture capital and angel investing, smart contracts, network effects, information brokerage, and other commercial activities that relate to securities regulation, corporate finance, business associations, contracts, and related legal issues. He publishes his research in esteemed journals such as the Rutgers University Law Review, Cornell Journal of Law & Public Policy, and Fordham Journal of Corporate Law, and he has been interviewed by popular publications such as the The Wall Street Journal, AboveTheLaw.com, and CommPro.biz.

Professor Oranburg teaches Contracts and Corporations at Duquesne Law. Before joining the Duquesne faculty in 2016, he taught legal writing courses at the Chicago-Kent College of Law and taught Corporations, Closely Held Business Organizations, and Electronic Discovery of Digital Evidence at the Florida State University College of Law. Professor Oranburg’s practice experience includes providing corporate counsel and managing venture capital transactions in Silicon Valley, California, and litigating antitrust matters in Washington, DC.

Professor Oranburg graduated with honors from the University of Chicago Law School, where he was a member of the Order of the Coif and a Kirkland & Ellis Scholar. He earned his bachelor's degree, magna cum laude, from the University of Florida with a double major in political science and English. Professor Oranburg is a member of the State Bar of California and the Bar of the District of Columbia.

Daniel Nientiedt


Daniel Nientiedt is a senior researcher at the Walter Eucken Institute in Freiburg, Germany. His areas of interest include public choice, constitutional economics, and the history of economic thought. Previously he was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Department of Economics at New York University, and a research fellow at the Center for the History of Political Economy at Duke University. He received his PhD in economics from the University of Freiburg in 2020. His work has been published or accepted by journals such as the Cambridge Journal of Economics, the European Journal of Law and EconomicsHistory of Political Economy, the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, and Public Choice.

Liya Palagashvili


Liya Palagashvili is a Fellow at New York University School of Law, an Assistant Professor of Economics at State University of New York-Purchase, and a Senior Fellow with the Fraser Institute. Liya earned her PhD in Economics from George Mason University in 2015, and while in graduate school she was also a Visiting PhD Scholar with the Department of Economics at New York University.

She has published over a dozen book chapters, policy papers, and journal articles in outlets such as Public Choice, History of Political Economy, University of Chicago Legal Forum, Journal of Institutional Economics, Supreme Court Economic Review, among many others. In addition to academic writing, Liya has published over two-dozen articles in media outlets such as the Wall Street Journal, Newsday, MSN, Forbes, U.S. News and World Report, and Philadelphia Inquirer.

She has presented her research both domestically and internationally on topics of law and economics, political economy, development economics, and entrepreneurship. She is currently conducting interviews with tech entrepreneurs and creating a unique survey to examine early tech start-ups and the regulatory framework in their industries, as well as, finishing up a book analyzing the policies in response to the 2008 financial crisis.

In 2016, Liya was named one of the Forbes ’30 under 30’ in Law & Policy.

Shruti Rajagopalan


Shruti Rajagopalan is an Assistant Professor of Economics at State University of New York, Purchase College. She earned her Ph.D. in economics in 2013 from George Mason University and was most recently a Bradley Visiting Researcher in the Department of Economics at New York University. Shruti's broad area of interest is the economic analysis of comparative legal and political systems. Her research interests specifically include law and economics, public choice theory, and constitutional economics. Shruti is currently working on the economic analysis of amendments to the Indian Constitution. Her research has been published in peer-reviewed journals, law reviews, and books. She also enjoys writing in the popular press and has published opinion editorials on Indian political economy in The Wall Street JournalMintThe Hindu: Business Line, and The Indian Express.

Paola Suarez


Paola Suarez has been a Fellow at the Classical Liberal Institute since 2016. In August 2019 she joined the Department of Economics and Legal Studies at the Stillman School of Business, Seton Hall University as Assistant Professor of Economics. Previously, she was a Visiting Assistant Professor of Economics at Purchase College, SUNY for 2018-2019. Paola earned her Ph.D. in Economics in 2018 from George Mason University and she was a visiting Ph.D. Fellow in the Department of Economics at New York University from 2016-2018. Her research is comprised of two strands: development economics, and applied microeconomics of gender. She has worked on investigating the causes of child-bride marriages in developing countries, with a particular focus on India, and on how policies aimed at raising female marriage age interact with child-bride marriage markets. She has also studied the role of formal and informal governance institutions, such as the Magna Carta, private communities, and superstition-based institutions.

Max Raskin

Program Affiliate Scholar

Max Raskin is an adjunct professor of law at New York University. He previously worked at the U.S. Treasury Department, serving as chief speechwriter to the Secretary and advisor to the General Counsel. Prior to that, Max was an associate at Morgan Stanley in the firm’s Investment Management division. He began his career at Bloomberg News and Businessweek covering finance and technology. He served as a law clerk for Judge Loretta Preska, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Max received his bachelor’s and law degrees from New York University.

Yehonatan Givati

Program Affiliate Scholar

Yehonatan Givati is a professor at Hebrew University Law School, where he teaches tax law and economic analysis of law. His academic work applies the tools of law and economics, both theoretical and empirical, to three areas of law: tax law, law enforcement, and administrative law. He received a PhD from the Economics Department at Harvard University in 2013, and an SJD from Harvard Law School in 2011.
More information can be found at https://sites.google.com/site/yehonatangivati/

Carlo Ludovico Cordasco

Program Affiliate Scholar

Carlo Ludovico Cordasco currently holds a position as post-doc at the Sheffield University Management School. He recently obtained his PhD from the Department of Politics (University of Sheffield) with a thesis on Social Contracts and Preferences for Flexibility. He has held a visiting position at the Politics, Philosophy and Economics Program at the University of Pennsylvania. His research interests span from normative political philosophy to institutional theory, with a particular focus on the normative standing of social norms. His work has been published in political theory journals and he has contributed to Edward Elgar’s anthology on Comparative Contract Law.

Mario Loyola

Program Affiliate Scholar

Mario Loyola is a Senior Fellow at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, where he writes on energy & environment, government & constitutional law, and competition & innovation. Before joining CEI, Loyola worked at the White House, as associate director for regulatory reform in the Council on Environmental Quality and as presidential speechwriter. Loyola has served at the Pentagon as a special assistant to the undersecretary of defense for policy, and on Capitol Hill as counsel to the U.S. Senate Republican Policy Committee, and as a senior advisor to Senator Ben Sasse of Nebraska.

Loyola has been a fellow at the Texas Public Policy Foundation, Wisconsin Institute for Law and Liberty, and the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He has published extensively on a wide range of foreign and domestic policy issues in National Review, The Atlantic, the Wall Street Journal, and elsewhere. He has taught at University of Texas School of Law and at the Antonin Scalia School of Law of George Mason University.

He received a B.A. in European History from the University of Wisconsin and a J.D. from Washington University School of Law. He is a member of the New York State bar and of the Supreme Court bar.

Vanessa Casado Pérez

Program Affiliate Scholar

Vanessa Casado Pérez is an Associate Professor at Texas A&M School of Law and a Research Associate Professor at Texas A&M Department of Agricultural  Economics. Her scholarship focuses on property and natural resources law. In several publications, she explores the role of property rights in the management of scarce natural resources. She has published in, among others, the Hastings Law Journal, Environmental Law Reporter, the NYU Environmental Law Journal, or the California Journal of Public Policy.  She is affiliated with the Bill Lane Center for the American West at Stanford University. Prior to joining Texas A&M, Professor Casado Perez was Teaching Fellow of the LL.M. Program in Environmental Law & Policy and Lecturer in Law at Stanford Law School. She holds an LLB, a BA in Economics, and an LLM from Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona, where she is from. She holds an LLM from the University of Chicago Law School and a JSD from NYU School of Law. Professor Casado Perez worked in the Environmental division of the Procuraduria General de la Nacion in Colombia

Adi Leibovitch

Program Affiliate Scholar

Adi Leibovitch is an associate professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Faculty of Law. She also co-chairs the Jerusalem Crime Group, an interdisciplinary forum for criminal justice policy analysis. Leibovitch's research focuses on the economic analysis of law, behavioral theory and empirical methods, as applied to the study of the institutional design of courts, litigation and legal decision-making, with a particular interest in the criminal justice system. Her work has been published in the Journal of Legal Studies and the Northwestern University Law Review.

She received her J.S.D and LL.M. from the University of Chicago Law School, where she was a John M. Olin Scholar at the Coase-Sandor Institute for Law and Economics, and a Russell Baker Scholar. She also earned her LL.B. and M.B.A, both magna cum laude, from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and her M.A. summa cum laude in public policy, mediation and conflict resolution from Tel-Aviv University. Before joining Hebrew University, Leibovitch was an academic fellow at Columbia Law School.

Malte Dold

Program Affiliate Scholar

Malte F. Dold is an Assistant Professor in the Economics Department at Pomona College in California. Previously, he spent two years as a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Economics at New York University. He received his PhD from Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg in 2018. He was an Adam Smith Fellow at the Mercatus Center at GMU during the academic years 2016-17 and 2017-18. His research interests include normative and methodological implications of behavioral economics and the historical interdependencies between Austrian and ordoliberal economic thought. His articles have been published, amongst others, in Games and Economic Behavior and the Journal of Economic Methodology.

Karen Bradshaw

Program Affiliate Scholar

Karen Bradshaw is a Professor at Arizona State University, Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law. She received a BS in Business Administration from University of California Berkeley in 2004, a Masters in Business Administration from California State University, Chico in 2006, her JD, with honors, from The University of Chicago Law School in 2010, and was a Koch-Searle Legal Research Fellow at the NYU School of Law. Professor Bradshaw's research and teaching interests include environmental law, property, natural resources, land use planning, and administrative law.


Billy Christmas

Program Affiliate Scholar

Billy Christmas is a Lecturer in Political Theory at King's College London in the department of Political Economy. He earned his PhD in Politics at the University of Manchester, after which he was a Fellow at the Classical Liberal Institute. His work occupies the intersection of philosophy, politics, economics, and law, and engages specifically with the topics of rights, property, and justice. He has written articles published in journals such as The Philosophical Quarterly, Economics and Philosophy, and Environmental Politics. He is currently working on a book manuscript and a number of papers on the conceptual structure of rights, and the theory of property in early modern natural law theorists such as Grotius, Locke, and Kant. He is particularly interested in how such approaches can be informed by Elinor Ostrom's work on common pool resources, and how that might change the overall shape of their theories for justice.

David A. Schwarz

Program Affiliate Scholar

David Schwarz is a partner with the law firm of Irell & Manella LLP, where he co-chairs the firm’s appellate practice group. He is recognized for his representation of clients in the area of constitutional litigation.

After clerking for Alex Kozinski, former chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (1988-1989), Mr. Schwarz served as special assistant to Ambassador Morris B. Abram, the U.S. Permanent Representative to the European Office of the United Nations (1989-1991). In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed Mr. Schwarz as a public member delegate to the UN Human Rights Commission.

Mr. Schwarz served two terms (2007-2016) as a gubernatorial appointee to the Milton Marks "Little Hoover" Commission on California State Government Organization and Economy, an independent, bi-partisan government oversight board. Mr. Schwarz has written on a variety of public policy issues, ranging from public pension reform to public-private partnerships. His most recent article, "Compelled Consent: Wolff Packing and the Constitutionality of Compulsory Arbitration," will appear in the next issue of the NYU Journal of Law & Liberty.

He is a graduate of Columbia University and Duke University School of Law.

Werner Vandenbruwaene

Program Affiliate Scholar

Werner Vandenbruwaene is a research fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) at University of Antwerp (Belgium). As a visiting professor, he teaches introduction to political science (BA course) and comparative constitutional law (MA course). He defended his doctoral thesis on the enforcement of the principle of subsidiarity in the Fall of 2014. He was a visiting researcher at the UCLA School of Law during the Spring term 2014 and a visiting scholar at the Classical Liberal Institute at NYU Law School in 2017.

His main research interests are federalism, comparative constitutional law, fiscal and budgetary law, legislative studies and (constitutional) law & economics.

His publications include a special issue of the Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law on multi-level governance, a special issue of Legisprudence on the role of courts as regulatory watchdogs, edited volume on the role of constitutional courts in multi-level governance and an edited volume in Dutch on the sixth federalism reform in Belgium. Together with prof. R Houben, he co-edits a series published by Intersentia on Public and Private Financial Law, which includes two volumes on the EU Banking Union.

Yun-chien Chang

Program Affiliate Scholar

Prof. Yun-chien Chang is a Research Professor at Institutum Iurisprudentiae, Academia Sinica, Taiwan and serves as the Director of its Empirical Legal Studies Center. He will serve as the Jack G. Clarke Professor in East Asian Law at Cornell Law School from Jan. 1, 2023. He was a visiting professor at New York University, the University of Chicago, St. Gallen University, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Haifa University, and Rotterdam Institute of Law and Economics. He has also conducted research at Free University of Berlin, University of Paris II, and University of Tokyo. He also serves as a Co-Editor of International Review of Law and Economics and an Associate Reporter on American Law Institute’s Restatement of the Law Fourth, Property.

His current academic interests focus on economic, empirical and comparative analysis of private law (particularly property law), as well as empirical studies of the judicial system. Prof. Chang has authored and co-authored more than 100 journal articles and book chapters. His English articles have appeared in leading journals around the world, such as Journal of Legal Studies; Journal of Legal Analysis; Journal of Law and Economics; American Law and Economics Review; Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization; Journal of Empirical Legal Studies; International Review of Law and Economics; European Journal of Law and Economics; I˙Con; the University of Chicago Law Review; Notre Dame Law Review; Iowa Law Review and the Supreme Court Economic Review, among others.

His monograph Private Property and Takings Compensation: Theoretical Framework and Empirical Analysis (Edward Elgar, 2013) was a winner of the Scholarly Monograph Award in the Humanities and Social Sciences. His second monograph Property Law: Comparative, Empirical, and Economic Analyses is expected in 2022. Prof. Chang (co-)edited Empirical Legal Analysis: Assessing the Performance of Legal Institutions (Routledge, 2014), Law and Economics of Possession (Cambridge UP, 2015), Private Law in China and Taiwan: Economic and Legal Analyses (Cambridge UP, 2016), and Selection and Decision in Judicial Process Around the World: Empirical Inquires (Cambridge UP, 2020). Prof. Chang is also a co-author of Property and Trust Law in Taiwan (Wolters Kluwer, 2017; 2nd edition, 2022).

He authored several books in Chinese published in China and Taiwan, Economic Analysis of Law: A Methodological Primer (Beijing UP, 2022 forthcoming), Compensation for Physical and Regulatory Takings of Land: Theory and Practice (Angle, 2013; 2nd edition, 2020), Economic Analysis of Property Law (Standard Chinese: Angle, 2015; 2nd edition, 2021; simplified Chinese: Beijing UP, 2019), Empirical Legal Studies: Principles, Methods, and Applications (New Sharing, 2019; 2nd edition, 2022), and Interpreting Private Law: A Social Scientific Approach (New Sharing, 2020), and also (co-)edited The Empirical Legal Studies Reader I: Domestic Perspectives (The Law Press, 2020), The Empirical Legal Studies Reader II (The Law Press, 2022 forthcoming) and Empirical Studies of the Judicial Systems 2011 (Institutum Iurisprudentiae, Academia Sinica; 2013).

Prof. Chang’s academic achievements have led to him being selected as an Academia Sinica Presidential Scholar in 2021–2022, and won him the 2020 ALSA Distinguished Article Award, Academia Sinica Career Development Award in 2017–2021, Outstanding Scholar Award in 2016, Academia Sinica Law Journal Award in 2016 and 2018, the Junior Research Investigators Award in 2015, the Best Poster Prize at 2011 CELS, and several research grants.

Prof. Chang received his J.S.D. and LL.M. degree from New York University School of Law, where he was also a Lederman/Milbank Law and Economics Fellow and a Research Associate at the Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, NYU. Before going to NYU, Prof. Chang had earned LL.B. and LL.M. degrees at National Taiwan University and passed the Taiwan bar. Prof. Chang has had working experience with prestigious law firms in Taiwan and has served as a legal assistant for the International Trade Commission.


Shitong Qiao

Program Affiliate Scholar

Shitong Qiao is assistant professor of law at the University of Hong Kong, where he teaches comparative property law, law of cities, law and development and Chinese law, and won the Faculty Research Award. He is also Global Associate Professor of Law at NYU School of Law (Fall 2017). Dr. Qiao holds degrees from Wuhan University (LL.B.), Peking University (LL.M.), and Yale University (LL.M., J.S.D.). His doctoral dissertation, “Chinese Small Property: The Co-Evolution of Law and Social Norms,” won the Judge Ralph K. Winter Prize (awarded annually to the best student paper written in law and economics at Yale Law School), and will be published by Cambridge University Press. Dr. Qiao’s current research focuses on property, social norms, and local government law, and is supported by Lincoln Institute of Land Policy and Hong Kong Research Grant Council. His publications appear or will appear in Southern California Law ReviewIowa Law Review, American Journal of Comparative Law, Columbia Human Rights Law Review, Cityscape, among others. Dr. Qiao passed the National Judicial Examination of China and is a member of the New York State Bar. He has provided expert opinions on the Chinese land regime to government agencies both inside and outside of China, including the Shenzhen city government and the Ontario Securities Commission.

Nick Cowen

Program Affiliate Scholar

Nick Cowen is a lecturer in Criminology at the University of Lincoln. He wrote his doctoral dissertation at King's College London on the political economy of distributive justice. He has a B.A. in Philosophy from University College London and an M.Phil. in Political Theory from the University of Oxford. Cowen was a Fellow at the Classical Liberal Institute from 2016 to 2019 and continues as a Program Affiliate Scholar. He has published his research, among other places, in the American Journal of Political Science, The British Journal of Criminology, and Critical Review. His research explores the epistemic challenges of maintaining a stable society with minimal reliance on the exercise of power.

Aaron Simowitz

Program Affiliate Scholar

Aaron Simowitz joined the CLI as a fellow in 2014 and became a program affiliate scholar in 2016. Aaron is an assistant professor at Willamette University College of Law (WUCL), where he teaches international business transactions, debtor and creditor law, negotiation, civil procedure, and seminars on business negotiations and on resolving business disputes. His research focuses on cross-border business transactions, litigation, and arbitration.

Aaron has also been a research fellow at the Center for Transnational Litigation, Arbitration, and Commercial Law at NYU School of Law, where he taught International Litigation & Arbitration with Professor Linda Silberman, Forum Shopping in International Commercial Law with Professor Franco Ferrari, and the first-year Lawyering course. He has also taught the International Business Transactions and Transnational Litigation courses at Columbia Law School.

Aaron is the chair-elect of the AALS Section on Conflict of Laws and the co-director of the Business Lawyering Institute (BLI) at Willamette University. Aaron co-convened the CLI-WUCL symposium on “The Extraterritorial State” and the inaugural BLI Symposium on “Teaching Better Business Lawyering.” He received the Young Scholar’s Award from the American Society of International Law’s Private International Law Interest Group for his work on judgment and award enforcement against intangible assets. He practiced at the New York office of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, and clerked for Judge D. Brooks Smith of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Aaron graduated from the University of Chicago Law School, where he received an Olin Student Fellowship, a Bradley Student Fellowship, and the Bustin Award for the paper making the most valuable contribution to the improvement of government.

Hyunseop Kim

Visiting Fellow, Fall 2018 and Spring 2019

Hyunseop Kim is an Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Seoul National University, where he teaches ethics and serves as an active member in running its Philosophy-Politics-Economics program. He received a Ph.D. in philosophy from New York University in 2012 and was a Postdoctoral Scholar in the Center for Ethics in Society at Stanford University in 2012-14. He served as a Judge at the Seoul Eastern District Court and as a Judge Advocate in the Republic of Korea Army in 2003-6. His primary areas of research are moral, political and legal philosophy. His recent publications appeared in, among others, Philosophical Studies, Political Theory and International Theory. While he visits the Classical Liberal Institute in the 2018-9 academic year on sabbatical, Hyunseop plans to broaden his horizon by working on property, tax justice, contracts, constitutional law and democracy.

Stefanie Jung

Visiting Fellow, Fall 2018

Stefanie Jung is a Visiting Fellow at the Classical Liberal Institute during September and October 2017 and was also a visitor during Spring 2014, Fall 2015, and Fall 2016. She is Juniorprofessor (associate professor) for civil law and company law at the University of Siegen (Germany), where she teaches in the Bachelor’s and Master’s Program on German and European Business Law. She is also a visiting lecturer at Vienna University of Economics and Business since 2015 (teaching contract negotiations). She has published extensively on European corporate law, corporate governance, contract negotiations as well as on business networks and legal methodology.